By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of a thrilling annual sequence provides vital new advancements within the psychology in the back of concerns within the legislation and its functions. mental conception is used to discover why many present criminal rules and methods may be useless or counterproductive, with precise emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects can be inspired, occasionally resulting in injustice. specialist students make strategies for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for study inquiries on themes and wanted coverage alterations. subject matters incorporated during this preliminary providing have not often been thought of in such an in-depth style or are wanting critical re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to actual and fake confessions.
- A complete review of showups.
- The weapon concentration influence for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of felony jury directions.
- Structured chance evaluation and felony determination making.
- Children’s participation in felony lawsuits: tension, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that may signify the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislations will curiosity psychology and criminal specialists in addition to working towards psychologists, and may encourage clean pondering because the fields proceed to interact.
Read Online or Download Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1 PDF
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Extra info for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
The tendencies of low power individuals to devote attention to the needs and objectives of high power individuals, and to evaluate the details of their behavior to assess implications for the lower power individuals’ goals, would render them more sensitive to the interrogator’s affective reactions (and to manipulation via expressions of flattery, pleasure, and displeasure) and to the many subtle and implied threats and promises concerning the consequences of confession versus denial. Such tactics are common practices among interrogators (see Davis, 2010; Davis & Leo, 2010).
Together, such enhanced vulnerabilities are likely to promote distress intolerance and confession to escape the duress of interrogation. G. Villalobos and D. Davis Confession as Compliance Suspects may also confess simply to comply with interrogator demands, regardless of their experience of duress or expected long-term legal outcomes. , 2010 for review). Our earlier review of culturebased norms of compliance with authorities, and of minority fears and expectations of law enforcement suggests that ethnic minorities might more readily comply during criminal interrogations in order to avoid further confrontation with authorities, hoping that cooperation would deflect law enforcement aggression and/or result in superior legal outcomes (including judicial deportation decisions regarding immigrants).
The use of interpreters presents another layer of issues regarding detection of deception that have been largely unaddressed in either science or practice. Similarly, individuals from different cultures may commonly behave in ways that are perfectly normal for them, but that US criminal interrogators might consider deceptive among the general US population. Indochinese immigrants, for example, are unlikely to defend themselves or elaborate when confronted by officers about potentially suspicious activities (Hammer & Rogan, 2002).