By Brian H. Bornstein, Monica K. Miller
As with its esteemed predecessor, this well timed quantity bargains methods of employing mental wisdom to handle urgent matters in felony strategies and possibly to minimize legal offending. In such components as interrogations, specialist testimony, facts admissibility, and the “death qualification” approach in capital trials, participants supply medical bases for traits in suspect, witness, and juror habit and establish these practices prone to impinge on simply results. suggestions span a variety of examine, perform, and coverage components, from higher ways to evaluate to leading edge innovations for lowering recidivism. The interdisciplinary views of those chapters shed salient mild on either the succeed in of the problems and chances for intervening to enhance the functioning of the justice system.
Among the themes lined:
· The validity of pleading guilty.
· The impression of feelings on juror judgments and selection making.
· The content material, objective, and results of professional testimony on interrogation practices and suspect confessions.
· an artificial viewpoint at the own-race bias in eyewitness identification.
· Risk-reducing interventions for justice-involved individuals.
· felony justice and mental views on deterring gangs.
As a method to spur study and dialogue, and to motivate extra collaboration among the fields, quantity 2 of Advances in Psychology and Law will curiosity and intrigue researchers and practitioners in law-psychology in addition to training lawyers, trial specialists, and scientific psychologists.
Read or Download Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2 PDF
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Additional info for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2
Over the past few decades, researchers have studied the effects of death qualiﬁcation on jurors’ interpretation of evidence, perceptions of trial participants, and beliefs related to the trial (Butler 2007a; Haney 1984; Haney et al. 1994). This research suggests that death qualiﬁcation might affect jurors’ mental frameworks, establishing biased information processing schemas and strengthening punitive attitudes. In a seminal study on death qualiﬁcation, Haney (1984) demonstrated that the process itself had an effect on perceptions of defendants and other individuals in the courtroom, attitudes toward the death penalty, and perceptions of others’ attitudes.
Issues and considerations regarding the use of assessment instruments in the evaluation of competency to stand trial. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 21, 351–367. 535 Capital-izing Jurors: How Death Qualiﬁcation Relates to Jury Composition, Jurors’ Perceptions, and Trial Outcomes Logan A. Yelderman, Monica K. Miller and Clayton D. Peoples During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Colonial America imposed the death penalty for various capital crimes. These capital crimes were speciﬁc acts that deemed the defendant eligible for the death penalty, including murder, treason, and burglary, among others (Banner 2002).
Kassin, S. M. (1997). The psychology of confession evidence. American Psychologist, 52, 221– 233. 221 Kassin, S. , Leo, R. , & Redlich, A. D. (2010). Police-induced confessions: Risk factors and recommendations. Law and Human Behavior, 34, 3–38. 1007/s10979-010-9217-5 Kassin, S. , & Kiechel, K. (1996). The social psychology of false confessions: Compliance, internalization, and confabulation. Psychological Science, 7, 125–128. Kerlinger, F. , & Lee, H. B. (2000). ). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.