By Vaughan Higgins, Geoffrey Lawrence
Nutrition safety and sustainability are arguably crucial matters dealing with the agri-food quarter initially of a brand new millennium. In an period of globalization, the place country states seem to have a diminishing function in governing those issues, the present and rising strength family underpinning agri-food legislation call for renewed scholarly awareness. Drawing upon the services of a few of the main well-known writers in rural sociology, geography and anthropology, this ebook indicates how globalization methods open up a brand new regulatory politics during which ‘non-political’ kinds of governing play an more and more influential position in shaping agricultural construction and intake. the 1st of its sort to seriously and comprehensively learn new varieties of governing and rules, this significant textual content explores the connection among globalization and new websites, areas and brokers of agricultural legislation, utilizing certain case reports in constructed international locations to demonstrate issues made. Demonstrating the political importance of regulatory mechanisms extending past the country, the e-book additionally discusses the implications for the governing of the agri-food zone.
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Additional resources for AGRICULTURAL GOVERNANCE: GLOBALIZATION AND THE NEW POLITICS OF REGULATION (Routledge Advances in Sociology)
In addition, states are forbidden to restrict agri-food imports to protect population or livestock health, without scientific proof from experts recognized by the WTO. Since ‘almost all remaining WTO-legal support options require direct payments through the government budget’ (Einarsson 2001: 6) rather than public support of domestic production, states with public capacity severely eroded by debt and structural adjustment are at a huge disadvantage. In short, the adoption of the AoA by member states is a concrete instance of the embedding of global governing mechanisms in state policy.
The fact is that most agricultural products, with the exception of the vegetables sold at farmers’ markets, are bought not by the end consumer, but by agribusinesses that store, trade, process and/or package that product. The low commodity price does not necessarily mean cheaper cornflakes, but it does translate into higher profits for General Mills, Kellogg’s, ADM or Cargill. Agricultural commodities such as corn, soybeans, tomatoes, feeder calves, cotton, sugar and rice, are ‘industrial inputs’ for these companies, and so it is in their interest to keep prices for these products as low as possible (Hansen 2003).
Conclusion Market rule, then, depends on state intervention in some sectors just as desperately as it strives to expunge it from others. 8 This is clear from our analysis of the asymmetries of the AoA. Not only does the asymmetry in the implementation of WTO protocols discussed above promote the pricelowering regime that serves the interests of agribusiness, but it also maintains the government supports that sustain one of the most socially consequential economic sectors in four of the most politically powerful states.