By Rianne Letschert, Ines Staiger, Antony Pemberton
The large-scale terrorist assaults on September 11 ended in extra consciousness being dedicated to sufferers of terrorist acts. Discussions happened on how their wishes should be most sensible accommodated. The Madrid bombings in March 2004 gave additional impetus to this approach. This improvement is usually a part of a contemporary development in the direction of common sufferer of crime regulations that department out into really good guidelines devised to fulfill the desires of specific teams of sufferers reminiscent of sufferers of trafficking, sufferers of sexual violence and abuse or sufferers of site visitors injuries. notwithstanding, even though a stream of nationwide and foreign unity in relation to addressing the wishes of sufferers of terrorism has constructed, political consensus continues to be fragile.
This booklet offers an intensive research of the categorical wishes of sufferers of terrorism (using either felony and psycho-social studies), in comparison to sufferers of different different types of crime. The examine combines varied disciplines, allowing to mix the several views resulting in synergy within the research of the felony and psycho-social wishes of sufferers of terrorism. moreover the appropriateness of restorative justice practices within the context of terrorism is incorporated and gives tough new insights.
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Additional info for Assisting Victims of Terrorism: Towards a European Standard of Justice
UN Press Communiqué 05/08/2005. Press conference on summit outcome document. Briefing correspondents on the second revision of the draft outcome document. The legal draft definition was negotiated in the Ad Hoc Committee on Terrorism of the 6th Committee of the General Assembly, 29 July 2005, General Assembly, 59th session, Agenda item 148, Measures to eliminate international terrorism, Letter dated 3 August 2005 from the Chairman of the Sixth Committee addressed to the President of the General Assembly, 12 August 2005 A/59/894 Appendix II: Draft comprehensive convention against international terrorism.
11 See Brian Jenkins in the foreword to The New Terrorism: Changing Terrorism in a Changing World, RAND Publications, 1999, p. vii. 12 See also Ely Karmon, Trends and Threats in Terrorism, in Dilip K. Das and Peter C. Kratcoski, Meeting the Challenges of Global Terrorism, Prevention, Control and Recovery, Lanham, Lexington Books, Boulder, New York, Oxford, 2003, pp. 99–115. 13 Europol Trend Report, 2007, Executive Summary. 14 Since 11 September 2001, these attacks have received increased attention, both by the security systems of States, and in the public debate on terrorism.
5 Defining Victims of Terrorism Just as it is difficult to agree on a definition of terrorism, it also appears problematic to define the term ‘victims’ in the context of terrorist attacks. 46 However, at the start, it should be noted that the term ‘victim’ in itself gives rise to controversies because it is considered to have a negative connotation. For many bereaved family members, the term ‘victim’ refers to the deceased. They themselves often prefer to be considered ‘survivors’47. Considering that international instruments do not use the term ‘survivor’, and for reasons of consistency, we will, however, continue to use the term ‘victim’ throughout this study.