By Albert M. Cook PhD PE, Janice Miller Polgar PhD OT

It’s the following: the newest version of the only textual content you want to grasp assistive innovations, make convinced scientific judgements, and aid enhance the standard of lifestyles for individuals with disabilities. in line with the Human job Assistive expertise (HAAT) version, Assistive applied sciences: rules and perform, 4th Edition offers targeted assurance of the vast diversity of units, companies, and practices that include assistive expertise, and makes a speciality of the connection among the human consumer and the assisted job inside of particular contexts. up-to-date and elevated, this re-creation positive aspects assurance of recent moral matters, extra particular purposes of the HAAT version, and a number of worldwide matters highlighting know-how functions and repair supply in constructing countries.

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This includes everything from simple mouth sticks to computers and software. The definition of an AT device applies primarily to hard technologies as we have defined them. The main distinguishing feature of hard technologies is that they are tangible. On the other hand, soft technologies are the human areas of decision making, strategies, and concept formation applied to service delivery in proper assessment, system or device selection, and fitting or setup. Training, mentoring, and technical support are ongoing forms of soft technologies.

Modified or Adapted Mainstream Commercial Technology The middle row of Figure 2-5 describes specific modifications to the items in the first row to allow them to meet the needs of people with disabilities whose abilities do not match the functional requirements of the basic commercial products in the first row. Sanford (2012) argues that whereas specialized design increases the function of design for individuals or groups of individuals by allowing the person to adapt to everyday design, universal design (embodied in the first row in Figure 2-5) aims to increase functionality of everyday design for everyone.

These are all functions assigned to the user. However, if the user cannot perform any of these tasks, the AT must provide an alternative set of tasks. For example, assume that a particular consumer is able to carry out all the functions except holding the phone and dialing. A Bluetooth speaker would avoid the need to hold the handset, and automatic speech recognition (see Chapter 8) could be used for entering numbers and controlling the menus. These constitute the AT component of this system. We often use comparison allocation when matching characteristics of technology to a consumer’s skills.

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