By J. Paulo Davim

Tribology is the “science and expertise of interacting surfaces in relative movement” and encompasses the research of friction, put on and lubrication. by means of extension biotribology is generally outlined because the tribological phenomena taking place in both the human physique or in animals. accordingly, it's attainable to contemplate tribological procedures which may take place after implantation of a synthetic equipment within the human physique and the tribological approaches obviously happening in or at the tissues and organ of animals. Animals, together with people, own a large choice of sliding and frictional interfaces.

The authors goal to supply a few advances in learn in biotribology. They disguise a number of features of biotribology equivalent to tribology of synovial joints and synthetic replacements; put on of screws and plates in bone fractures fix; put on of denture and restorative fabrics; friction of the surface and luxury of garments; put on of substitute middle valves; tribology of touch lenses and ocular tribology; biotribology at the microscale and nanoscale degrees, etc.

This e-book can be utilized as a study textual content for ultimate undergraduate engineering classes (for instance, fabrics, biomedical, etc.) or for these learning the topic of biotribology on the postgraduate point. it could possibly additionally function an invaluable reference for teachers, biomechanical researchers, biologists, chemists, physicists, biomedicals and fabrics engineers, and different execs in similar engineering, drugs and biomedical industries.

Chapter 1 Biotribology of overall Hip alternative: The Metal?on?Metal Articulation (pages 1–49): J. Philippe Kretzer
Chapter 2 Experimental put on experiences of overall Joint Replacements (pages 51–86): Claire Brockett and John Fisher
Chapter three impression of Temperature on Creep and Deformation in UHMWPE less than Tribological Loading in man made Joints (pages 87–142): Mathias Christian Galetz and Uwe Glatzel
Chapter four huge skill put on trying out (pages 143–155): Vesa Saikko
Chapter five Biotribology of Titanium Alloys (pages 157–197): Yong Luo

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At this stage, it is not possible to assess lubrication of polymeric materials with this technique. 2. Friction Friction studies on total hip replacements, and natural joints, have been performed for many years. These studies are useful in two ways; measurement of frictional torque gives a good indication for whether the bearing will have stable fixation under standard conditions, as failures of metal-on-metal hip replacements historically have been related to high frictional torques generated due to poor tolerances and clearance.

Cobalt chromium molybdenum metal combination for modular hip prostheses”, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 329, 1996, p. 35-47. , “Comparison of friction and lubrication of different hip prostheses”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H, vol. 214, 2000, p. 49-57. , “The wear of metal-on-metal total hip prostheses measured in a hip simulator”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H, vol. 215, 2001, p. 523-530. , “In vivo corrosion of cobalt-chromium and titanium wear particles”, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British), vol.

Wear debris from hip or knee replacements causes chromosomal damage in human cells in tissue culture”, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British), vol. 86, 2004, p. 598-606. , “Metal-specific differences in levels of DNA damage caused by synovial fluid recovered at revision arthroplasty”, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British), vol. 87, 2005, p. 1439-1444. , “High early revision rate due to pseudotumor formation in Metal-on-Metal Large Head Diameter THA”, AAOS Annual Meeting, 09-13 March 2010, New Orleans.

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