By Marie T. Banich
This article balances experimental and scientific views with a survey of quite a few psychological services. In a conversational kind, the authors offer transparent, available motives of adverse thoughts, using analogies and case reviews to demonstrate them. A constant constitution all through each one bankruptcy defines a psychological functionality and the position of every half or components of the mind in that functionality, through a dialogue of what neuropsychological syndromes say concerning the cognitive and neural association of the psychological functionality.
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Extra info for Cognitive Neuroscience, 3rd Edition
If primary auditory cortex in the right hemisphere is damaged, primary auditory cortex in the left hemisphere can still process sound from both ears, because it receives information both ipsilaterally and contralaterally. So, what types of deficits are observed after damage is sustained by auditory cortex in one hemisphere? First, the softest intensity that can be perceived—that is, the sound threshold—becomes higher contralateral to the damaged hemisphere. In addition, the ability to perceive the location of a sound becomes poorer for the contralateral side of space.
Reorganization of the primary somatosensory region after limb loss can also lead to some atypical feelings. For example, in the case of a person who has lost a hand, touch on his face leads him to report that he feels the phantom hand. Although at first such a claim may seem odd, it really is not if you think about the organization of the somatosensory strip. 17B, you can see that the primary somatosensory region that receives tactile information from the hand is adjacent to the area that receives information from the face.
Rather than obliterating all sense of touch, such damage impairs fine discriminations of touch on the side of the body contralateral to the damaged primary somatosensory cortex. So, for example, if you put a piece of cloth in the hand of an individual who sustained damage to the somatosensory strip, that person would know that something had been placed there but would have difficulty determining whether the cloth was velvet or burlap. Furthermore, if touched multiple times in quick succession, that person likely would have trouble determining the number of times she had been touched.