By Parag Khanna
From the visionary bestselling writer of The moment international and the way to Run the realm comes a bracing and authoritative consultant to a destiny formed much less through nationwide borders than through international provide chains, an international during which the main hooked up powers—and people—will win.
Connectivity is the main innovative strength of the twenty-first century. Mankind is reengineering the planet, making an investment as much as ten trillion cash in line with yr in transportation, strength, and communications infrastructure linking the world’s burgeoning megacities jointly. This has profound effects for geopolitics, economics, demographics, the surroundings, and social identification. Connectivity, now not geography, is our destiny.
In Connectography, visionary strategist Parag Khanna travels from Ukraine to Iran, Mongolia to North Korea, Pakistan to Nigeria, and around the Arctic Circle and the South China Sea to provide an explanation for the speedy and unparalleled adjustments affecting all the things of the planet. He exhibits how militaries are deployed to guard offer chains up to borders, and the way countries are much less at conflict over territory than engaged in tugs-of-war over pipelines, railways, transport lanes, and web cables. the hot hands race is to connect with the main markets—a race China is now successful, having introduced a wave of infrastructure investments to unite Eurasia round its new Silk Roads. the us can in simple terms regain floor by way of fusing with its associates right into a super-continental North American Union of shared assets and prosperity.
Connectography bargains a special and hopeful imaginative and prescient for the long run. Khanna argues that new power discoveries and applied sciences have eradicated the necessity for source wars; formidable shipping corridors and tool grids are unscrambling Africa’s fraught colonial borders; even the Arab global is evolving a extra peaceable map because it builds source and exchange routes throughout its war-torn panorama. whilst, thriving hubs akin to Singapore and Dubai are injecting dynamism into younger and seriously populated areas, cyber-communities empower trade throughout large distances, and the world’s ballooning monetary resources are being properly invested into development an inclusive international society. underneath the chaos of an international that looks to be falling aside is a brand new beginning of connectivity pulling it together.
Praise for Connectography
“Incredible . . . With the area quickly altering and urbanizing, [Khanna’s] proposals could be how one can confront a noticeably diverse future.”—The Washington Post
“Clear and coherent . . . a well-researched account of ways businesses are weaving ever extra advanced provide chains that pull the realm jointly while they squeeze out inefficiencies. . . . [He] has succeeded in demonstrating that the forces of globalization are winning.”—Adrian Woolridge, The Wall highway Journal
“Bold . . . With an eye fixed for bright info, Khanna has . . . produced a fascinating geopolitical travelogue.”—Foreign Affairs
“Connectivity has turn into a uncomplicated human correct, and offers every person on the earth the chance to supply for his or her kin and give a contribution to our shared destiny. Connectography charts the way forward for this hooked up world.”—Marc Andreessen, normal associate, Andreessen Horowitz
“Ahead of the curve in seeing the battlefield of the longer term and the hot form of tug-of-war being waged on it. Khanna’s scholarship and foresight are world-class. A must-read for the subsequent president.”—Chuck Hagel, former U.S. secretary of defense
From the Hardcover edition.
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Extra info for Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization
141. 1 With the rise in postwar global travel, chances are that most of us have entered and exited our homes via the airport. As such, we probably recognize the “triple-decker melodrama” of human interaction so evident in the various arrival and departure lounges we have passed through. Although we may experience feelings of loss, hope, anxiety, joy, adventure, homecoming, and fear in airports, we seldom think beyond these personal experiences and ask how contemporary forms of power are being produced and deployed at the airport.
Speaking about airports that were constructed during the height of the cold war in the 1970s, Virilio explains how these gateways ushered in a new defense system that had to regulate a contradiction between surveillance and freedom of movement: Since the 70s and the beginnings of the world economic crisis, the construction of these airports was further subjected to the imperatives of the defense against air pirates. Construction no longer derived simply from traditional technical constraint. The plan had become a function of the risks of “terrorist contamination” and the disposition of sites conceived of as sterile zones for departures and non-sterile zones for arrivals.
What is immediately apparent in this desire to politicize the airport is how impotent traditional conceptions of power are in trying to analyze this site. Understandings of power based on ﬁxed distinctions and hierarchies suggest that airports are places where power is simply wielded “over” us by sovereign authorities. To counter that approach, this essay argues that, like shopping malls, cinemas, bus stations, and motorways, airports are spaces where new forms of mediated power are emerging. 2 In fact, power does not exist as a “thing” to be measured at all.