By Philip F. D. Rubovits-Seitz
Even supposing scientific interpretation originated with Freud, the latter's positivist choice for in simple terms observational tools made him ambivalent towards interpretive equipment. based on Rubovits-Seitz, the legacy of Freud's positivism nonetheless pervades scientific pondering and interferes with development in investigating and bettering interpretive equipment. He stories the paradigm shift mostly technology from positivism to postpositivism when it comes to demonstrating the compatibility of interpretive inquiry with a postpositivist strategy.
Post-Freudian types of scientific interpretation are evaluated, andclinical equipment of interpretation are in comparison with interpretive approachesin nonclinical fields. an in depth dialogue of the ignored challenge ofjustifying interpretations comprises reviews of particular justifyingprocedures and a case file illustrating functions of such tools. Thework concludes with a attention of universal yet avoidable error in clinicalinterpretation besides remedial techniques for facing them.
Following Depth-Psychological realizing, clinicians may perhaps now not take without any consideration the interpretive strategy and the accuracy in their personal interpretations. Rubovits-Seitz's scholarly survey marks an immense improve in comprehending the method of medical interpretation and in environment forth either the issues and promise of interpretive tools.
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Extra info for Depth-Psychological Understanding: The Methodologic Grounding of Clinical Interpretations
Freud's interpretive methodology was decidedly pluralistic, comparable with casting a wide net rather than dropping a single line into a large, elusive 48 Contemporary Approaches school of fish (Eissler, 1963; Meissner, 1971; Rubovits-Seitz, 1988a, p. 934)-another way that he anticipated a postpositivist perspective.
Freud also ignored a seminal contribution by his teacher, Franz Brentano (1874), whose work pointed to a nonpositivist view of psychology. A number of writers 10 have called attention to suggestive parallels between Freud's theory of mind and the theory of intentionality developed by Brentano (see Chapter 6 for a fuller discussion of this issue). Becoming Hypersensitive to Criticism of His Methodology A dramatic incident in Freud's relationship with Fliess suggests that Freud may have become hypersensitive and prone to overreact if his empiricism and objectivity were questioned.
Xxv; see also Putnam, 1983c, esp. p. 198). The concept of science building on the best beliefs it has available is relevant also to the methodology of clinical interpretation; for inasmuch as the reliability (consistency) of interpretive methods is problematic, and interpretive conclusions are inherently fallible, depth-psychological understanding of patients is based necessarily upon the best constructions available to the clinician, that is, the "most plausible" interpretive hypotheses among various alternative constructions at a given time.