By Robert D. Hoge

Our society's preoccupation with crime and worry of crime seems to have shifted its concentration to the juvenile criminal. either digital and print media consistently warn us that juvenile offenders are more and more more youthful and extra virulent. The demographics of our inhabitants recommend that there'll basically be extra juvenile offenders to worry within the close to destiny. All of those matters come up in a social weather that's characterised via an ever­ expanding call for for more suitable retributive measures opposed to the criminal. the idea that basically harsh justice will guard us from the ravages of juveniles has develop into dominant. more and more, perceptions and politics, instead of clinical info, dominate coverage making with reference to younger offenders. In Assessing the younger criminal: concerns and methods, Robert D. Hoge and D. A. Andrews make a constrained, rational, and finally persuasive argu­ ment for using standardized mental exams within the powerful administration of adlescent inside juvenile justice structures. They make clear how what we already find out about the reason and administration of younger criminality could be included into standardized checking out and that the data acquired from checking out can enhance the management of legal justice. additionally, this informa­ tion comes in handy regardless of the theoretical biases of these who administer the justice method. The potency of guidelines of both retribution, deterrence, or rehabilitation is simply better by way of reliance on data.

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These analyses have shown, for example, that aggression, dependence, social withdrawal, anxiety, and attention problems constitute relatively independent dimensions of behavioral pathology and that these are assessed as independent factors by certain rating scales and checklists. We will look more closely at these measures in Chapter 5. Other procedures for evaluating construct validity involve relating measures to alternative measures of the same construct. For example, our understanding of the construct of aggression has been advanced through research exploring links among parent and teacher ratings, observational measures, and interview measures of this construct.

For example, the range and nature of options available within the alternative measures/community service option varies considerably across jurisdictions. Similarly, there is often considerable variability respecting custody options. In many systems there is a choice between referral to a locked, secure facility or an open custody facility, sometimes with a further range of options within the latter category. It is important to recognize also that there are other decisions embedded within these disposition categories.

T. 0 Seriousness of Offense Judgments about the seriousness of the criminal act committed by the young person form an important component of the Modified Justice, Justice, and Crime Control models of juvenile justice. Each of these models places more or less emphasis on a sanctioning/punishment component within the juvenile justice system, and each establishes a link between the seriousness of the youth's offense and the processing of the young person. Specifically, the severity of a disposition, including length of sentence, should vary with the severity of the offense.

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