By Lorraine Johnson

Contains: the North aspect, the Downtown center, South Loop, close to South part, South facet, and to components additional outdoors the town.

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During the summer, there are often lengthy lineups for the Skydeck, but diversions include a short movie on Chicago and an exhibition on the city’s ten most significant buildings. 209 S LaSalle St. Map 3 C2. Tel (312) 553-6100. q Quincy; Jackson (brown line). # 6am–6pm Mon–Fri; 6am– 2pm Sat. ¢ major public hols. 7 When the Rookery opened in 1888, it was the tallest building in the world. The 12story building, designed by the influential firm Burnham and Root in the Richardsonian Romanesque style (see p26), has a dark red brick façade with terra-cotta trim and a rough granite base.

The Santa Fe Building gleams – inside with white marble, and outside with white-glazed terra-cotta. H. Burnham and Co. in 1904 and originally known as the Railway Exchange Building, it is now called the Santa Fe because of the rooftop sign, erected in the early 1900s by the Santa Fe Railroad. Porthole windows line the top floor; terra-cotta reliefs of ancient goddesses decorate the vestibule. The atrium’s balustraded mezzanine, marble staircase, and elevators with Decorative elevator door in the Santa Fe Building grillwork are all notable.

Celebrated for his organic style of ornamentation, as seen on the windows of Carson Pirie Scott (see p50), Sullivan declared that form follows function. Indeed, the detailing allowed the architect artistic license while drawing in passers-by. Sullivan nurtured a young draftsman with whom he worked, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959). Over the next 70 years, Wright played a significant role in modern architecture, fathering the Prairie School (see p27) and designing such masterpieces as Robie House (see pp102–103).

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