By Claude Cohen-Tannoudji (auth.), Joseph H. Eberly, Leonard Mandel, Emil Wolf (eds.)

The 7th Rochester convention on Coherence and Quantum Optics was once hung on the campus of the collage of Rochester throughout the four-day interval June 7 - 10, 1996. greater than 280 scientists from 33 nations participated. This booklet comprises the lawsuits of the assembly. This convention differed from the former six within the sequence in having just a restricted variety of oral displays, in an effort to steer clear of too many parallel classes. one other new characteristic was once the creation of instructional lectures. so much contributed papers have been provided in poster classes. The convention was once subsidized by means of the yankee actual Society, via the Optical Society of the United States, by means of the foreign Union of natural and utilized Physics and via the college of Rochester. we want to show our appreciation to those enterprises for his or her help and we specifically expand our due to the overseas Union of natural and utilized Physics for offering monetary counsel to a couple of audio system from 3rd international nations, to permit them to participate within the meeting.

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12 in Eq. (28). he family setting flt/J = q) - tj/ we haw from Eq. , (32) 2p+'=q For ¢L = 7r/2 we have from Eq. e. ne mirrors. Fig. h the angle fl(/J. pidly when fltjJ is displacf'd from 0 to 7r. cquirr's it sinusoidal modulation (dashed line), which becomes fuily developed at threshold (solid line). he correlation "invades" the whole circle, which represents, in the framework of cylindrical symmetry, the analogue of divergent correlation length, found previously in the case of translational symmetry.

Figure I b shows a typical level scheme for an alkaline earth ion, corresponding to an electric dipole-forbidden transition [12]. The two-level system that we choose as the qubit is marked with thicker lines (\g) and leo)~. The other levels do not disturb the computation process. On the contrary, some of them are needed for implementing quantum gates, as we will show below.

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