By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on AMO 2010

As a part of the Physics 2010 decadal survey venture, the dept of strength and the nationwide technological know-how origin asked that the nationwide learn Council investigate the possibilities, over approximately the subsequent decade, in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) technological know-how and know-how. specifically, the nationwide examine Council was once requested to hide the nation of AMO technological know-how, emphasizing contemporary accomplishments and choosing new and compelling clinical questions. Controlling the Quantum World, discusses either the jobs and demanding situations for AMO technology in instrumentation; medical examine close to absolute 0; improvement of super severe x-ray and laser assets; exploration and keep watch over of molecular tactics; photonics on the nanoscale point; and improvement of quantum details expertise. This ebook additionally deals an overview of and proposals approximately severe matters bearing on holding U.S. management in AMO technological know-how and technology.

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In addition, not only has the cost of instrumentation increased, but also the complexity and challenge of the science make investigation much more expensive. This “science inlator” effect means that while it is now possible to imagine research that was unimaginable in the past, inding the resources to pursue that research is becoming increasingly dificult. In any scientiic ield where progress is extremely rapid, it is important not to lose sight of the essential role played by theoretical research.

This could lead to computers capable of solving problems that are intractable on any imaginable extension of today’s computers but that are important in areas ranging from basic science to national security. Quantum communication might provide security against interception beyond anything possible in today’s cyber infrastructure. these applications are based on the strangest and least intuitive concepts of quantum physics, such as einstein’s “spooky action at a distance,” which allows “teleportation,” or the transfer of information (as opposed to actual physical objects) between remote quantum systems without any physical contact between the quantum hardware during the communication.

More information on cold quantum gases is contained in chapter 3 and summarized below. When breakthrough science happens, it defines a new frontier. today, AMo science is camped on one of the most exotic frontiers in science—the push toward ever lower temperatures obtained in atomic physics labs. in the last decade, six physicists have won the Nobel prize for their work at the frontier of ultracold atomic gases. the record low temperature stands, as of early 2006, at about a billionth of a degree above absolute zero.

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