By Sana Loue

During this textbook, the writer defines what's intended via range and experiences what we all know this present day in regards to the results of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine and crack, hallucinogens and heroin. this can be then placed right into a broader context through reading the advance of coverage with specific emphasis on those that have been seemed to be the main fervent clients of substance. it is a important textbook for periods on substance abuse in addition to for pro clinicians.

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Extra resources for Diversity Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment and Research

Sample text

Depending upon the substance being used and the extent of that use, individuals may experience substance-induced disorders that are independent of abuse or dependence, such as intoxication, delirium associated with intoxication, delirium associated with withdrawal, dementia, amnesia, psychosis, anxiety disorders, sexual dysfunction, sleep disorders, or mood disorders. The use of even substances that may not be associated by the general public with dependence or abuse, such as caffeine, may lead to intoxication, an anxiety disorder, or a sleep disorder.

Forman, Guthrie, Bachman, O’Malley, and Johnston, 1999), being white, having peers who use cocaine, and having ready access to the drug (Yarnold, 1999). Correlates of cocaine use among adults include employment and recent drug treatment participation. Among women, living with children is negatively related to crack use (Weatherby, McCoy, Metsch, Bletzer, McCoy, and de la Rosa, 1999; Murdoch, 1999). Women are more likely than men to begin, to use, and/or to maintain crack use in the context of intimate opposite sex relationships (Henderson, Boyd, and Mieczkowski, 1994).

A much smaller number of individuals may suffer from alcoholism. 7 percent of people in the United States were believed to fulfill the criteria for alcoholism during the 1980s (Helzer and Burnam, 1991). 4 percent (Kessler, Crum, Warner, Nelson, Schulenberg, and Anthony, 1997). Alcohol abuse has been associated with higher availability of alcohol, peer influences, poverty, lower levels of education, high levels of job-related stress, and lower levels of family interaction (Shuckit, 2000). The prevalence of binge drinking appears to increase substantially during downturns of the economy, implicating economic stress as a significant factor (Dee, 2001).

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