By Helen Aveyard

"This ebook is excellent it explains the complete technique of writing a literature evaluate very in actual fact. It covers every thing from why literature experiences are very important to tips on how to current the evaluate. you could learn and intensely basically laid out. it's a step-by-step advisor to writing a evaluate that's tremendous useful because the prospect of reviewing literature could be very daunting. This booklet has been a really invaluable textual content while learning for my measure and that i could don't have any difficulties recommending it to an individual ... i'd suggest this booklet to an individual who's approximately to embark on writing a literature assessment because it will make the full technique less daunting. Vicky Bain, pupil Nurse, collage of Nottingham, united kingdom "Many teachers might be accustomed to the worry of scholars attempting to make clear what's intended by means of a literature evaluate: this ebook does simply that... The booklet has a logical stream yet can be dipped out and in of, depending on the fashion of literature evaluation to be undertaken. it truly is in actual fact laid out and straightforward to persist with, and the sections are truly defined... there's a beneficial thesaurus defining universal phrases. i might suggest this book." British magazine of Occupational treatment "A accomplished, effortless to learn advisor that allows you to aid scholars to appreciate the right way to adopt a literature evaluation, and the way to take advantage of the ensuing details effectively." Anne-Marie Warnes, college of valuable Lancashire "A very important little publication that solutions all of the questions that scholars ask." Irene Mabbott "A strong step by step consultant on the way to produce a complete piece of work." Simone Bedford, Swansea college "This is a truly valuable, brilliant and good organised piece of labor and scholars will take advantage of it enormously." Peter Jones, London South financial institution college Why do a literature overview? What literature is proper to my assessment? How do I appraise my findings? How do I current my literature evaluation? This ebook is a step by step consultant to doing a literature assessment in well-being and social care. it is necessary studying for all these venture their undergraduate or postgraduate dissertation or any learn module which comprises a literature assessment. This student-friendly ebook: Simplifies the complicated technique of systematically reviewing released literature presents a consultant to looking, appraising and evaluating literature to handle a examine query starting with a dialogue of the variation among a scientific and narrative overview, you're then suggested easy methods to behavior a literature evaluate, beginning with defining the query, via thoughts for looking out the literature and emphasising the major components that have to be thought of whilst reviewing each one form of research. during the ebook, there are sensible the best way to write up a literature evaluate. Doing a Literature assessment is key studying for all undergraduate scholars who're writing a literature dependent dissertation in the wellbeing and fitness and social care box, or as an introductory textual content for postgraduate research. it's also an invaluable textual content in the event you are new to reviewing and appraising literature within the look for solutions to questions that come up in perform.

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For example, one of the most famous cohort studies, which took place in the 1950s’ followed up a group of people and was able to demonstrate that smoking causes lung cancer. At this time, smoking was considered normal and harmless and a large percentage of the population smoked. Many people thought that pollution was the cause of lung cancer. Smoking was not considered to be a risk factor. The epidemiologists the late Sir Richard Doll and Bradford Hill (1954) conducted a cohort study in which they followed up a group of doctors, some of whom smoked and some of whom did not.

In the hierarchy of evidence, the higher up a methodology is ranked, the more robust and close to objective truth it is assumed to be. One of the most well known hierarchies of evidence, which is concerned with ranking the strength of evidence relating to the effectiveness of a treatment or intervention, is that developed by Sackett et al. (1996). This hierarchy of evidence goes in this order: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Systematic reviews and meta-analyses Randomised controlled trials Cohort studies, case controlled studies Surveys Case reports Qualitative studies Expert opinion Anecdotal opinion The implication of the hierarchy of evidence for the literature reviewer who has a research question concerned with treatment or intervention effectiveness is that greater weight should be given to relevant research identified that is higher up the hierarchy.

Other means of data collection include focus groups and direct observation. The sample, or participants used in a qualitative study, tend not to be selected at random, as is often the case with a quantitative study; instead participants are selected if they have had 12:43:13:06:07 Page 31 Page 32 32 DOING A LITERATURE REVIEW IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE exposure to or experience of the phenomenon of interest in the particular study. This type of sampling is referred to as purposive sampling and this leads to the selection of information rich cases, which can contribute to the answering of the research question.

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