By Karen Christensen

SAGE courses is proud to announce the Encyclopedia of group, a tremendous reference paintings that summarizes the numerous attention-grabbing and significant innovations of a world subject. neighborhood itself is an idea, an adventure, and a principal a part of being human. even if the reader is a pupil, researcher, or specialist within the box of psychology, sociology, or maybe economics, this three-volume paintings will give you the beneficial definitions of group past conventional perspectives. prepared in an A-to-Z model, the Encyclopedia can be considered topically through a Reader's advisor. this permits for interdisciplinary "compare and distinction" between themes similar to kinds of groups, social capital, expertise, city lifestyles, politics and legislation, neighborhood layout, and international experiences. Edited via the award-winning crew at Berkshire Reference and assisted by way of a piece of writing board of world-renowned students, the Encyclopedia of neighborhood will end up to be essentially the most established reference works on your assortment. Key positive factors: * 500 signed articles * three volumes * 2000 pages * Reader's consultant * grasp bibliography * 250 sidebars Appendices: * source publications * grasp Bibliography * Libraries construct neighborhood * Libraries and pop culture

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It is at once our glory and our agony. Immigrants came to the New World, for example, to be free to make something more of themselves than they thought they could at home. Pioneers went west for the same reason. With globalization and Americanization, the idea of elective identity is reaching many other parts of the globe. But as the historian Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–1859) saw so long ago, our freedom doesn’t fulfill us. We yearn to belong, to be anchored, to be embedded, to be in a place and to have a place.

Newcomers seek out bucolic, arcadian surroundings—but then want all the amenities of the cities they have left behind while being less interested in those unique characteristics of the area that make it special to natives: the public spaces that confer a unique place identity; strong ties that form overlapping, supportive social networks; and taken-forgranted relationships that cross generations. Housing developments encroach on the natural environment while urban attitudes—and rising housing prices—can make local people feel that their community is being altered in ways they cannot control.

But there is a huge array of contemporary efforts to be explored—community health networks, online support groups, local currencies, or cohousing developments. The Encyclopedia is not, however, an unthinking celebration of community. Community is something we run from, as well as toward. Community has its downsides. Readers will find that the contradictions of community are examined in dozens of articles as well as later in this Introduction. We explore hundreds of different communities, the human webs that provide essential feelings of connectedness, belonging, and meaning.

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