By Alexander J. Motyl

Nationalism has all at once turn into a number one neighborhood and foreign strength because the finish of the chilly conflict. lengthy estimated to provide technique to pan-national or financial businesses, nationalism exerts its large strength on all continents and in a wide selection of the way. The Encyclopedia of Nationalism captures the goals and scope of this strength via a wide-ranging exam of innovations, figures, pursuits, and occasions. it's the in basic terms encyclopedic learn of nationalism on hand this present day.

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* foreign Editorial Board
* Articles start with brief glossaries and finish with brief bibliographies of titles crucial for extra reading
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A genuine nation-state, Arendt insisted, should be an essentially humanist institution—a civilized structure providing a legal order and guaranteeing basic human rights in general and citizenship rights in particular. This humanist creation was a human-made structure in which people could feel at home and responsibly participate in the political sphere. For Arendt, politics was a highly specific human activity for which a specific realm for the action of human freedom existed. National identity as a marker of distinctiveness was not inborn nor something one could possess inherently or internally, but had to be acquired through interactions with others in a bounded territory and culture with a specific sense of self and place.

Antonius, a Christian, tried to show that Arab nationalism had deep historical roots dating back to the first half of the 19th century, and he stressed the writings of Christians educated in Western missionary schools in Syria. Although the picture presented in The Arab Awakening still exerts some influence, more recent scholars have shown it to be as much propaganda as history, in part due to its slighting of the role of religion. In every Middle Eastern state, from the arrival of Islam to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, religion was crucial to status.

He briefly served as war minister in the fall of 1928, and again from December 1937 to March 1938. He was promoted to the rank of general in 1931, and was named army chief of staff in December 1933, a post from which he resigned a year later. Initially suspicious of the Fascist Legionary Movement, also known as the Iron Guard, Antonescu developed a certain affinity for it in the late 1930s. In May 1938 he appeared as a character witness on behalf the movement’s leader, Corneliu Codreanu, whom the govenment had controversially charged with treason.

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