By Hooman Majd
"One of America's so much astute revealers of Iranian tradition and identity."-Reza Aslan, *The Atlantic*
Hailed as one of many year's top international coverage books, Hooman Majd's newest deals dramatic point of view on a rustic with international goals, an tricky political tradition, and guidelines with huge, immense implications for international peace. Drawing on privileged entry to the Iranian energy elite, Majd "gives a harrowing description of the aftermath of the 2009 presidential elections in Iran" (Haleh Esfandiari). This "nimble tackle Iran's fraught political landscape" (Kirkus experiences) "sounds a dire caution to these within the West who desire a democratic Iran. . . . allow us to wish the President is listening" (Reza Aslan, The Atlantic).
*retail-like, yet no longer tagging it as retail as it's now not me who got rid of DRM
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Extra info for The Ayatollahs’ Democracy: An Iranian Challenge
Economic Issues The economy is a highly internationalized area which has a pervasive, if largely indirect, bearing on democratic consolidation. The high degree of internationalization ﬂows from the failure of the native command systems, the West's active promotion of market capitalism, and the strength of globalization. Because the bankruptcy of the command economy was so evident by the end of the communist regimes, nearly all members of the East European political elite looked for new formulas to achieve growth and build their own power.
From 1988, the European Community (EC) set conditions for the conclusion of trade and cooperation agreements with the East European states. These were not explicitly declared, but if a country contravened CSCE human rights provisions or did not make progress with political reforms, the EC withheld the prospect of an agreement. For example, trade and cooperation agreements with Bulgaria and Romania were held up in 1989 and 1990 over concerns about their treatment of minorities. Explicit and stricter conditions were set for second-generation association (‘Europe’) agreements.
The Promotion of Democracy 33 The new East European regimes themselves declared that their ﬁrst foreign policy priority was to ‘rejoin Europe’, meaning those organizations that seemed to have ensured security, democracy, and prosperity in Western Europe: the EU and NATO. Western states cannot escape from the fact that these organizations have become the focus of East European foreign policies; this has necessarily overshadowed their bilateral relations with the countries of the region. The ﬁrst section of this chapter analyses the West's objectives with respect to Eastern Europe.