By Malte Kaßner

Dominant events and democracies – are they truly unusual bedfellows? Malte Kaßner sheds gentle at the relation among one-party dominance and democracy from a comparative viewpoint. The examine examines the foremost query how sorts of dominant events impression democracy in multicultural societies with assistance from case reviews: South Africa and Malaysia. either nations are characterised by means of an ethnically, linguistically and religiously plural society. the writer analyses the 2 dominant events African nationwide Congress (ANC) and United Malays nationwide association (UMNO) and their implications on democracy within the nations. the result means that one-party dominance according to se can't be assessed as helpful or destructive for democratic improvement. relatively, dominant events deserve a more robust analytical differentiation. Causal styles give a contribution to one of these differentiation.

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In defective democracies, some subsystems are democratic while others lack democratic standards. For example, in illiberal democracies subsystems like elections and control of powers are organized according to democratic standards while some civil liberties are missing. The theory of defective democracy is one approach to respond to the rise of hybrid democratic regimes (Merkel et. al. ) Another approach applies the concept of different subsystems and goes beyond by measuring the democratic standards of the respective subsystems.

Referring to this example König argues that multicultural democracies seem to be “open projects“ (König 2001: 128). Assessing democracies 45 Due to the fact that strategies of multicultural management in practice are never purely liberal or communitarian, it is worth to mention some other approaches that are often located in between the two positions discussed above. Progressive multiculturalism for example is similar to the communitarian approach but it stresses the positive discrimination of marginalized groups through affirmative action programmes as well as the pluralisation of multicultural curricula in the educational sector.

Together, the evaluation of political and socio-economic transformation results in a common status index, showing the status of democracy and market economy at a glance. Apart from this status index the BTI additionally evaluates the quality of political management with a management index. Both the status index and the management index give an excellent impression about status and future prospects of the respective country. de. 48 Theoretical Framework The first two dimensions refer to Dahl’s basic features of a polyarchy but transcend the minimal definition.

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