By Steven E. Harris
This interesting and deeply researched booklet examines how, starting less than Khrushchev in 1953, a iteration of Soviet voters moved from the overcrowded communal dwellings of the Stalin period to trendy single-family residences, later dubbed khrushchevka. Arguing that relocating to a separate house allowed traditional city dwellers to adventure Khrushchev’s thaw, Steven E. Harris essentially shifts interpretation of the thaw, conventionally understood as an elite phenomenon.
Harris makes a speciality of the numerous individuals wanting to take advantage of and effect the recent lifestyle embodied through the khrushchevka, its furnishings, and its linked purchaser items. He examines actions of nationwide and native politicians, planners, firm managers, staff, furnishings designers and designers, elite firms (centrally focused on developing cooperative housing), and usual city dwellers. Communism on the next day highway additionally demonstrates the connection of Soviet mass housing and concrete making plans to foreign efforts at resolving the «housing query» that have been studied because the 19th century and resulted in housing advancements in Western Europe, the U.S., and Latin the USA in addition to the USSR.
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Extra resources for Communism on Tomorrow Street: Mass Housing and Everyday Life after Stalin
Beyond housing construction, states presided over the creation of institutions and initiatives that brought together government bureaucracies, employers, labor organizations, and urban planning experts. ° In France, the government sought to coordinate public and private efforts in urban planning soon after the war by creating the Commission superieure d'amenagement, d'embellissement et d'extension des villes (High Commission for the Planning, Beautification, and Growth of Cities) in 1919. Members of this government commission included urban specialists drawn from private associations geared toward resolving public problems such as the Societe francaise des architectesurbanistes (French Society of Architects and Urban Planners) and the Conseil superieur des beaux arts (High Council of the Fine Arts).
38 The Impact of World War I State involvement in the housing question changed dramatically during and after World War I in European states where the housing reform movement had been active. 5° States mobilized their societies' human, material, cultural, and financial resources to pursue total war and also resolve domestic social problems on an unprecedented scale. "" The combatant states of World War I were now more willing to pursue social engineering to accomplish domestic aims as they would the organization of aimies to pursue a war.
Many architects seized the moment by designing elite single-family apartments in expensive and ornately decorated buildings that embodied the neoclassical and neo-Renaissance style of Stalinist architecture. To provide an architectural form for the privileges of the new elite, architects referenced nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century bourgeois and aristocratic homes in prerevolutionary Russia and the West. 15° The architect G. " Simonov drew on the English cottage as a model. "In the English cottage, a small room, connected to the kitchen, is usually placed downstairs; on the second floor are the bedrooms, bathroom and toilet.