By Isabel Vanslembrouck
This ebook maps issues of universal realizing and cooperation within the interpretation of landscapes. those interfaces seem among cultures, among traditional and human sciences, lay humans and specialists, time and area, maintenance and use, ecology and semiosis. The booklet compares how diversified cultures interpret landscapes, examines how cultural values are assessed, explores new instruments for review, strains the dialogue approximately panorama authenticity, and eventually attracts views for extra examine.
Read or Download Landscape Amenities: Economic Assessment of Agricultural Landscapes (Landscape Series, Vol. 2) PDF
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Additional info for Landscape Amenities: Economic Assessment of Agricultural Landscapes (Landscape Series, Vol. 2)
VAN HUYLENBROECK The first step in any exploration of multifunctionality f is to establish the degree of jointness with commodity production. Therefore the proposed framework begins by examining whether a non-commodity output is jointly produced with a commodity, and if so, whether it can be released from this jointness. If production is non-joint, the non-commodity outputs can be supplied independently. Similarly, if production of a non-commodity output can be separated from the production of a commodity output without any cost, the non-commodity output can be supplied independently.
To attain a deeper understanding of the way (multifunctional) landscapes operate, we need to understand the nature of the interactions between different countryside interests. 2. 1. Joint product from agricultural production Agricultural activity is central to all the components mentioned above, and they may be joint, complementary or competing in production, depending on the nature of the agricultural activity. Agricultural production affects landscapes through a combination of decisions regarding land use, commodity composition and farming practices.
1. Travel cost methods The basic idea behind this method is thatt recreationists spending their money and time to visit the forest for instance, leave a trail of indirect evidence about their WTP for the services and amenities it provides. The travel cost methods attempt to tease out this WTP by valuing the recreational value of environmental resources such as parks and scenic areas. A survey of visitors to a national park can show how far they have travelled to reach the park, and it is then possible to estimate the amount they have spent (for gas, tolls, fares, and the value of time spent on travelling, plus any entry fee) to be able to enjoy the park's amenities.